Marianne Breslauer was born in Berlin on November 20, 1909. The daughter of Dorothea Breslauer and Prof. Alfred Breslauer launched her career as a photographer in 1927.
Having trained at ‘Lette–Haus’, Berlin, Breslauer travelled to Paris in
1929 where she met Man Ray. He encouraged her straight away to
pursue her own photographic ideals. Magazine publications of her
works in ‘Für die Frau’ and ‘Frankfurter Zeitung’ met with considerable
success. She returned to Berlin in 1930 to start work with Elsbeth
Hedenhausen at the Ullstein photographic studio. In 1931 she embarked
on a two–month tour of Palestine; in 1932 she left the Ullstein
studio to return to Paris.
Her works were regularly published in magazines such as ‘Das Magazin’,
‘Wochenschau’, ‘Weltspiegel’ and ‘die neue linie’. In 1933 the
Academia agency sent her on a photographic assignment to Spain in
the company of the Swiss author Annemarie Schwarzenbach.
Following the Nazi coup, Breslauer did not return to Germany but
travelled to Zürich instead where she obtained work with the ‘Zürcher
Illustrierte’ through Arnold Kübler, its editor-in-chief. Her photo series
about the satirical revues at the ‘Pfeffermühle’ originated in this
Family matters prompted her return to Berlin in ca. 1934, where she
initially worked for the Ullstein magazines ‘Uhu’ and ‘Die Dame’; she
also published under the pseudonym ‘Ipp’ for the Kind photographic
agency, and for Deutscher Kunstverlag; ‘Funkstunde’ and ‘Gebrauchsgraphik’
also published Breslauer’s photographs.
In 1936, having married art dealer Walter Feilchenfeldt, Marianne
Breslauer decided to leave Germany and to immigrate to the Netherlands.
In 1938 she gave up her activity as a professional photographer,
embarking on new ventures instead.
© Kathrin Beer, 2009